This interactive chart visualizes the roughly 90,000 bills and resolutions introduced by members of the Texas House and Texas Senate since 1991. Click through the tabs to see visualizations of legislation that was introduced, was passed by both chambers or was vetoed by Govs. Ann Richards, George W. Bush and Rick Perry. The colors in the charts represent the various types of legislation (HB=House Bills; HR=House Resolution, etc. — See Data/Glossary for more information). Share this on Twitter — and follow @TribData for updates.
This application visualizes bills — legislative measures that must be passed by both chambers of the Legislature, often with later action by the governor. Bills are used to create and change state laws. Bill types include Senate and House bills, Senate and House joint resolutions, Senate and House concurrent resolutions, and Senate and House resolutions.
HB & SBHouse and Senate bills requires passage by both chambers of the Legislature and action by the governor. A bill is the primary means used to create and change the laws of the state. Bill types include Senate and House bills, Senate and House joint resolutions, Senate and House concurrent resolutions, and Senate and House resolutions.
HR & SRHouse and Senate resolutions, which are formal expressions of opinion or decision, other than a proposed law, may be offered for approval to one or both houses of the Legislature by a member of the House or Senate.
HCR & SCRHouse and Senate concurrent resolutions require passage by both chambers of the Legislature and generally require action by the governor. A concurrent resolution is used to convey the sentiment of the Legislature and may offer a commendation, a memorial, a statement of congratulations, a welcome or a request for action by another governmental entity. (Concurrent resolutions are used also for administrative matters that require the concurrence of both chambers such as providing for adjournment or a joint session. These types of concurrent resolutions do not require action by the governor.)
HJR & SJRHouse and Senate joint resolutiuons require passage by both chambers of the Legislature but do not require action by the governor. A joint resolution is used to propose amendments to the Texas Constitution, to ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution or to request a convention to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Before becoming effective, the provisions of joint resolutions proposing amendments to the Texas Constitution must be approved by the voters of Texas.